Students all over the world complete educational tasks in both classrooms and away from school. Their reason for doing so is because the work was set by their teacher so that they could show their understanding and find out how well they have done. This feedback is essential in the teacher-student relationship but does it provide any value?
What Is the Purpose Of Feedback?
The purpose of feedback is to support students to get from the point they are at, to the place they need to be. This is typically delivered in written or verbal form from a person that is seen as an expert in the field they are studying. The expectation is that if a student follows this feedback, then they will make good progress and achieve the educational outcomes that they need to meet.
Does Feedback Work?
Sadly, lots of feedback does not help students because it either does not give them the knowledge and guidance they need to make their educational discoveries or, it gives them too much information so that they have nothing to work towards.
The good news is that when feedback is thoughtful and insightful, it is one of the most powerful tools an educator can use to help someone make progress. To do this, it needs to add value and help the student to understand what they can do to elevate their understanding. In education, there are four main types of feedback.
The Types Of Feedback
John Hattie is considered to be an expert in the field of feedback and states that the four types of feedback can be used interchangeably in order to achieve the most significant successes:
Task Level Feedback – telling a student how well they have performed in a very specific or narrow task; i.e. if something is correct or incorrect, or what went well and what needs more work.
Process Level Feedback – this feedback allows students to understand how they have learned the new information and how they can use these learning skills to link to other areas of the curriculum. This type of feedback is vital for teaching students how to solve problems on their own by giving them the tools to do so.
Self-Regulation Level Feedback – this level of feedback works to help learners understand how their learning actions affect the outcomes they achieve. It requires an ability to engage with feedback provided and ensures that a student can develop their confidence in how to help themselves move forwards with their knowledge.
Self-Level Feedback – if you want to know which type of feedback offers the least meaning, then it is probably the self-level. This is where a student receives feedback on their input rather than whether they have learned something or not; i.e. telling a student that they are ‘great’ or have done a ‘good job’.
How To Use Feedback
If you are the parent of a student or a student looking to understand what makes excellent feedback, then you should be able to agree with these three statements after receiving it:
- I know what I need and want to achieve within this piece of work/unit/concept.
- I know what level my learning is at currently.
- I know what I need to do to improve and develop my understanding.
Here at Phi, we work hard to help students discover the answers they need to move forward and ensure that we provide the highest-quality feedback at the end of every session, giving your child the chance to reach their potential. Call or message us today to find out how we can encourage your child’s future.